On May 6, , Nazis ransacked the "Institute for Sexual Science" in Berlin; four days later, as part of large public burnings of books viewed as "un-German," thousands of books plundered from the Institute's library were thrown into a huge bonfire. The institute was founded in by Dr. Magnus Hirschfeld It sponsored research and discussion on marital problems, sexually transmitted diseases, and laws relating to sexual offenses, abortion, and homosexuality. The author of many works, Hirschfeld, himself a homosexual, led efforts for three decades to reform laws criminalizing homosexuality.
Homosexuals & the Holocaust: Background & Overview
Holocaust: Timeline and Overview - History
Homosexual prisoners at roll call in Buchenwald. Download our mobile app for on-the-go access to the Jewish Virtual Library. Basic History. Introductory History to The Holocaust. Could We Have Stopped Hitler? Life for Jews in Pre-War Germany.
Persecution of Homosexuals in the Third Reich
Since , the word has taken on a new and horrible meaning: the mass murder of some 6 million European Jews as well as millions of others, including Gypsies and homosexuals by the German Nazi regime during the Second World War. To the anti-Semitic Nazi leader Adolf Hitler, Jews were an inferior race, an alien threat to German racial purity and community. Anti-Semitism in Europe did not begin with Adolf Hitler. Though use of the term itself dates only to the s, there is evidence of hostility toward Jews long before the Holocaust—even as far back as the ancient world, when Roman authorities destroyed the Jewish temple in Jerusalem and forced Jews to leave Palestine.
The Holocaust Ha-shoah in Hebrew took place between and and is associated with the persecution and murder of over 6,, Jews and other people, including gays and Roma people. They were killed in concentration camps. Between and the Nazis opened around 20, concentration camps in Germany and Nazi-occupied countries to deal with the numbers of people arrested as enemies of the state. The camps were run by the SS and inmates faced harsh, insanitary conditions, poor diet, forced hard labour and ad hoc punishments.