Kligman G. Trafficking women after socialism: to, through, and from Eastern Europe. Amnesty International. London: Amnesty International, 6 May.
Sex trafficking in Europe
WHO/Europe | A public health approach to human trafficking
Trafficking contributes to the breakdown of societies by removing individuals from their own social networks and family structures. This prevents the transmission of social and cultural values that are usually passed from generation to generation. Trafficking also affects the workforce. According to the International Labor Organization, trafficking contributes to an irretrievable loss of human resources for developing countries. Trafficking can result in depressed wages. In addition, it deprives societies of human capital: trafficking reduces the number of individuals available to care for the elderly; trafficking may create an imbalance in the proportion of males to females in a society; trafficking disrupts education, thereby depriving individuals and therefore a country's labor market of the skills necessary to compete in the global economy. In addtion to individual health consequences , trafficking also undermines public health.
Framework for a Human Trafficking Protocol in Healthcare Settings
Anna Johansson is with Eaves Housing, London. Trained counselors interviewed women who had been trafficked and sexually exploited about abuse and evaluated their physical and mental health status within 14 days of entry into posttrafficking services. Newly identified trafficked women require immediate attention to address posttrauma symptoms and adequate recovery time before making decisions about participating in prosecutorial or immigration proceedings or returning home. We investigated the health of women and adolescent girls trafficked for sexual exploitation in Europe who were entering posttrafficking services. Between January and June , interviews were conducted with a consecutive sample of eligible women and adolescent girls accessing posttrafficking assistance services provided by nongovernmental and international organizations in Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Italy, Moldova, Ukraine, and the United Kingdom.
Trafficking in women persists, in part, due to the fact that many national governments neither control nor prevent the problem. Government policies and practices may actually facilitate trafficking. The connections between national government practices and trafficking vary. At one end of the continuum, government inaction and lack of attention to the matter make it possible for trafficking to exist. At the other end, corrupt government officials may be actually involved in the trafficking process.