Medically reviewed by L. Anderson, PharmD Last updated on May 23, It is widely accepted that human milk is best for an infant. The benefits are substantial for the baby, providing the ideal nutrition, antibodies to protect against illness, and a healthy weight.
Medicine use while Breastfeeding
Which medications are safe while breastfeeding and why?
Although many medications do pass into breast milk, most have little or no effect on milk supply or on infant well-being. Few medications are contraindicated while breastfeeding. According to the AAP, health care providers should weigh the risks and benefits when prescribing medications to breastfeeding mothers by considering the following:. Suggested therapeutic alternatives to those drugs are provided, where appropriate. All data come from scientific literature and are fully referenced. A peer review panel reviews the data for scientific validity and currency. The Organization of Teratology Information Specialists OTIS provides information, in English and Spanish, for women and health care providers on the risks and safety of taking medication during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Safe Medication Use During Breastfeeding
Breastfeeding is important when, as in your case, there are allergies in the family. The longer you breastfeed the less likely your child is to inherit your allergies, and breastfeeding may also decrease your own allergy symptoms for a while. Stress can trigger or aggravate asthma and allergies. Breastfeeding stimulates your natural tranquilizing hormones, which may, in turn, reduce the severity of your allergies.
Cold and flu season can knock you off your feet. The good news is that many over-the-counter medications can relieve your symptoms. Some people go to the nearest pharmacy at the first sign of a cold. Pseudoephedrine and phenylephedrine are oral decongestants for treating nasal congestion caused by colds, allergies, and sinus infections. Both ingredients are common in over-the-counter medications and considered safe while breast-feeding.